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In 2001, he published a book about the after effects of his trip.
My Life After Megabucks describes the downside to becoming a multimillionaire, including the isolation and paranoia he felt.
Feel sorry for him?
Mental Floss has a new podcast with iHeartRadio called History Vs.
Our first season is all about President Theodore Roosevelt.
Subscribe on Apple Podcastsand for more TR content, visit the.
The carvers stand on the scaffolding hundreds ofclad in overalls and face masks, small pneumatic hammers in hand.
The clatter of drills and fills the air, as they have almost every day of construction on Mount Rushmore.
Work on the face had begun inand it had been dedicated with much fanfare—including a fireworks show—two years later, before it was even close to finished.
To get to this point, men called pointers had marked where and how deep to drill; —or workers in charge of the dynamite—had dangled from the top of the mountain and carefully placed small charges to precisely blast away rough exterior rock to reveal white, sparkling granite.
Throughout the process, the features on the face hadslowly emerged and gained definition: Two 11-foot-wide eyes.
And the mere suggestion of glasses across the bridge of the nose and the upper cheeks, an illusion which will look like full frames to the spectators below.
It's now time for what sculptors call fine finishing.
We know that TR was an adventurer, a man who fought corruption and advocated for a Square Deal for all, the sporting hunter who lent his name to the Teddy Bear, a person who cared deeply about conserving nature for the next generation, and, yeah, the guy in the Night at the Museum movies and on Mount Rushmore.
From Mental Floss and iHeartRadio, this is History Vs.
This episode is History Vs.
But when I head back outside, some interview subjects find me.
They came here in part because Alice saw Mount Rushmore on an episode of Phineas and Ferb.
But Alice prefers Roosevelt, because he was in Night at the Museum.
Erin McCarthy: So what else do you know about him besides his exploits in Night at the Museum?
Alice: He liked to ride horses and he was a cool guy.
Ben: We wanted to bring them here anyway, but it was a particular wish of Alice's because she'd grown up seeing that image on TV.
McCarthy: If you had to guess why he was good best blackjack betting systems recommend on the mountain today, why he was chosen, what would you say?
Harry: He probably has made a big commitment to the country and did something that people wanted to remember.
Next I chat with Lane Johnson, who hails from Texas.
Sharon Wright from Wisconsin says a lot has changed since the first time she came here.
McCarthy: What was it like back then?
Wright: Very quiet and very serene.
McCarthy: What can you tell me about TR?
Wright: Well, he was kind of the go-getter for the national park system.
And he really was one to help preserve the outdoors for everybody, to keep it from being, everything being commercialized.
Although I'd say this is getting pretty commercialized.
It's free to come here, but you have to pay to park, so it's not really free.
You used to be able to come here and enjoy it without having to pay to park.
Finally, I chat with Aretha Wilson from Ohio.
Of the presidents up on the mountain, she says Roosevelt is her favorite.
Wilson: Roosevelt respects his supporters no matter how big or small.
So that's a good thing.
Initially, he wanted to carve famous figures from the history of the West into granite spires located nearby, but the artist chosen to create the monument, Gutzon Borglum, had completely different location, and vision, in mind: the presidents.
When it came down to which presidents to put on the mountain, most were no-brainers: Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence and had expanded the country through the Louisiana Purchase.
Lincoln kept the country together in a time of great strife.
Well, TR was controversial.
McGee-Ballinger: The whole carving process, that idea, begins in 1925.
Well, Roosevelt had died in 1919, so most people alive at that point, in 1925, they knew him.
They knew best paying slots bellagio his politics, they knew of his presidencies, and there were a lot of people that didn't like him, so he was controversial.
Borglum also knew TR personally—he had campaigned for the Bull Moose when he ran for president in 1912.
Mount Rushmore consists of a fine-grained granite called the Harney Peak granite.
The fine grain means the rock holds together well when you carve it, but it also makes it harder to carve.
On the plus side, that means it takes awhile to erode.
McGee-Ballinger: The erosion rate of the Harney granite is an inch every 10,000 years.
This is tough rock.
In other words, people are going to be staring at those faces on the mountain for a long time.
Creating Mount Rushmore was not easy work; finishing the sculpture took 14 years, and Borglum died before it was completed.
His son, Lincoln, took over for him.
According to Rex Alan Smith in his bookat its dedication in12,000 people attended—the largest attendance of any of the face dedications.
Today, the memorial gets more than 2 million visitors annually.
Michael Cullinane: He didn't want any monument of him, like a statue of him, or him on horseback.
He wanted monuments to be either utilitarian in nature, like naming a building after him, or to be artistic.
McCarthy: What's the strangest place you've seen the Roosevelt legacy sort of manifest in pop culture?
Cullinane: You know, he shows up in the weirdest places.
Miley Cyrus has got a tattoo on her arm of a quote from Theodore Roosevelt.
Communists are a boogie man and Roosevelt is very much seen as this patriotic American, and also a conservationist and a progressive and all those things as well, but it's almost like he's a saint after he dies.
That all changed when historian Henry Pringle published his biography of TR in 1931.
That image of Roosevelt as a juvenile guy who made impulsive decisions lasted until the 1960s.
Cullinane: There's a reappraisal, but it never really goes back to the saintly version or back to that Crazy See more version.
Instead, what we get is the much more moderate version, a nuanced man with his faults, you know, warts and all, as some people say, and I think, actually, that's been good for the TR brand over the last few years because it means he's this really human character that people can relate to.
So he's not perfect, and he's not a demon.
He's something in between, which I think most of us are.
Cullinane: I've always referred to Edith Roosevelt as a gatekeeper of TR's legacy because she was able to pass over documents to historians; she was able to restrict other writers from using those documents.
click to see more fact, there's some famous incidences in terms of copyright law in which Edith tried to stop people that had letters that Roosevelt wrote to them, she tried to stop having those published.
And so really she acts as the gatekeeper for his memory and his legacy, and throughout her life, until she died in the late '40s, she.
That's her role and she really helps the memorial association's work towards the image that she wants to see promoted.
The Hyde Park Roosevelts—a.
Franklin and, by marriage, Eleanor—and the Oyster Bay Roosevelts—Alice, Ted Jr.
Alice lives on until the 1980s but by that stage, Theodore Roosevelt had kind of become a bipartisan figure.
Maybe in part because Franklin Roosevelt promoted him as a … as the Square Deal as being the forerunner to the New Deal.
Kuliberda: The country is changed by the time Roosevelt's president.
It's the 20th century.
Roosevelt becomes president in 1901, and all of a sudden you have the United States operating on a world scale, where it previously had been pretty isolationist.
Now you have territories in the Pacific.
You'd fought a war with the Spanish in Cuba.
Roosevelt begins his presidency and the United States is still occupying best paying slots bellagio Philippines.
They're building the Panama Canal during his presidency.
You have adjustments in technology.
So the presidency all of a sudden is kind of a full-time job.
You can't have a break for the summertime.
He was called to be a modern president because of these changes in technology and changes in policy, changes of the United States policy on the world stage.
The presidency has changed, and Roosevelt being a young man, I think was fit for things to rapidly change during his presidency.
When he pursued boat thieves down the Little Missouri River, TR made sure to bring a camera with him—and to get a photo of himself watching over the bandits.
But it was a re-enactment.
Just one more example of his image control.
He is a public relations dynamo.
He points to the war in the Philippines as an example.
Cullinane: I mean, the war goes on really until 1915, but officially the war is ended in 1902.
And that, in a public relations perspective, is a huge move.
The role of president as chief promoter is the one that Roosevelt really takes on and makes.
That's what makes the big change in office.
Like, say, his decision to get things done via executive order.
Cullinane: He didn't act impulsively.
He thought things through very carefully.
I think he had very strong convictions and he acted very assertively.
Maybe that's the word that I would choose to use, that he is incredibly assertive best paying slots bellagio a president and I think every president since him, maybe with the exception of the Republican presidents in the 1920s, but besides those three presidents, more often than not, presidents have acted assertively, and they've said that it's their prerogative to act that way, and I think Roosevelt paved the way for the presidency to be that kind of an instrument of power.
Cullinane: The presidency has sort of gone that way of TR's constitutional view in that the president, if there are non-enumerated powers, the president can still execute them.
I mean, things like going to war is a really good example.
When he sent the warship to Panama to support the Panamanian revolution, he was effectively sending American troops into a war zone to support a revolution and since then, that's happened quite a bit.
According to Cullinane, TR's decision to intervene internationally has been one of the most lasting legacies of his administration.
Many other presidents have followed suit.
Cullinane: Woodrow Wilson did this a lot but you can think about other interventions later on, from, say, Vietnam to Afghanistan, where the United States' president has deployed troops and then Congress has had to respond, and Congress has tried to rein in presidential power in a number of different realms but perhaps most in war powers, and they even passed a War Powers Resolution in the '70s to restrict the amount of time that the president can send troops abroad, but that's not really been an effective measure to stop the president.
Cullinane: So the Panama Canal and how you feel about the Panama Canal often has a very clear correlation with how you think about American power more generally and American imperialism and empire.
If you view Roosevelt's decision to make Panama or to force Panama to have this revolution and then take the canal, then you see American power as something that's a benevolent force in the world, but if you see that as an overstretch of American power, then you probably think that Roosevelt was acting beyond, you know, the norms and the regulations of the click here and of what America is supposed to be.
I think actually the Panama decision strikes an ongoing paradox in American history, and particularly about American foreign relations, which is that either the United States is to act as an example for the world, or the United States is to actively set the example for the world.
In other words: Should America stand passively as an example, and hope others follow suit?
Or should America be more proactive?
Cullinane: I think all foreign policies wind up putting the United States in one of those two roles and Roosevelt very much, very much saw the United States as acting, you know, not just as an example but setting the example for the world, and so that's why he acts the way he does with Panama.
It's one of those things that successive generations of politicians have continued to debate.
It's been a flash point and it's a really good source study to think about the differences that we have in our foreign policies.
Cullinane: It was showing off and it was an opportunity to show best poker training videos world that there is this emerging naval force, and there's no question that after 1909, the United States as a naval force will only grow in stature from that point on.
It's a two-ocean naval force.
There's only one other country in the world that's a two-ocean naval force and that's Britain, you know, famed at this time for ruling the waves.
So this was a big pronouncement on the world's stage, but did it really have any effect?
Did it stop Japan, for example, from taking over colonies in the Pacific and eventually becoming one of the Axis powers in World War II?
I don't think so.
It certainly made the Japanese more deft at how they negotiate.
It meant that foreign relations with Britain, say, for example, in the Pacific, became more important.
But Roosevelt's fleet didn't actually change the balance of power in the Pacific.
I came into this podcast wanting to show Roosevelt not as a caricature but as a real person.
Cullinane: Well, TR's views on race, I have to say, are probably one of the most interesting bits about him.
I don't think we've given enough airtime to his views on race.
I think we're living in a kind of soundbite culture where if you can't get your view across very quickly, then, you know, no one understands it, or they don't want to understand it, you know?
And I think TR's views on race were really quite complicated and they're presented as, effectively, white supremacy … or just plain racist, I guess, but there's so much more to it than that.
To find out, I called Dr.
Justene Hill Edwards, an assistant professor of history at the University of Virginia whose focus is on African-American history, the history of slavery, and the history of capitalism.
Edwards: There were scientists who were then trying to find a scientific research-based rationale for segregation and for white racial superiority.
Really, in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries, there was a rise in racial science, in particular, eugenics, so that it kind of provided a more kind of scientific rationale for ideas of white racial purity and why that should be the standard and the ideal.
And so it was really finding a scientific way to explain why white superiority was good and why it should be a goal in social policymaking.
McCarthy: Why would white people be looking for a scientific reason to prove that they were superior?
Edwards: Well, I mean, you're talking about a time, especially in the U.
You have the increase of immigration from places like Japan, and China too, a little bit.
You have this kind of increase in kind of racial and ethnic diversity that begins to occur in this period.
And so … interestingly, it's not just in this period where you have kind of white Americans, in many ways publicly struggling with the fear and the idea that they're kind of losing ground to racial thought club pogo texas holdem day ethnic minorities.
Edwards: Now interestingly enough, because he was born in New York City, because he was born in the North and not in the South like in South Carolina or Georgia, he probably held what we would consider more.
Let's not kind of conflate his progressivism with ideas of … that he was in favor of racial equality because surely he was not.
TR continued to read voraciously after his college career, and also corresponded with a number of scientists of his era.
Roosevelt believed that the white, English-speaking race was the most advanced race.
But he was also a proponent of neo-Lamarckianism.
The idea came from a French scientist named Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who predated Darwin and believed that certain traits could be cultivated and passed to later generations.
Edwards: While Darwin, for example, thought about a natural evolution, Lamarck's idea more had to do with the idea that species could in some way, choose which traits to pass along to their offspring.
There are differences between Lamarckian and Neo-Lamarckian belief, but a Neo-Lamarckian lecture from the 1890s discusses the idea.
A Neo-Lamarckian would counter that the child must inherit piano skills, otherwise humanity would have the same slot sites for payout of piano skills forever.
As confirm. best casino online usa players amusing example, they say that gymnasts have been getting steadily better.
Edwards: The famed thinker, W.
Du Bois, had this idea, not in a scientific way but in a social way, of the Talented Tenth, that the top 10 percent of African Americans, in terms of intelligence, would lead the race out of kind of the misery of best bet poker results black Americans.
This idea has permutations.
So that, to me, always struck me as an anti-racist idea, because in its essence, it means that anyone, regardless of skin color or anything really, where you were born or who you were born to, can reach the heights that TR saw as the heights of civilization and the heights of personal greatness.
You know, the reality is, though, is that he didn't believe that a lot of different races would get there.
He does talk about African Americans as being far behind white Anglo-Saxons, or English-speaking peoples, white English-speaking peoples.
There's a capacity in his thinking for equality, but it doesn't always present itself in how he views the world.
This thinking informed his views on race, both at home and abroad.
Edwards: With his role in the Spanish-American War and then his ascendancy as president, he presided over the not … just the expansion of kind of U.
And this kind of relates to ideas of kind of the stages of development and how he thought about international diplomacy.
He believed that certain people in certain nations were not prepared to participate in democracy, were not socially and culturally prepared for that type of citizenship and participation.
Washington, William Crum, and Minnie Cox.
Cox was a college-educated black woman who had been appointed to a postmaster position in Indianola, Mississippi, by Benjamin Harrison.
Her time in office was quiet until a white man decided he wanted her position—and a local politician began criticizing the town for the fact best slots horseshoe casino they had accepted her in that role.
The harassment got so bad that she resigned her post.
But Roosevelt refused to accept her resignation and actually suspended the post office in Indianola for a time.
Edwards: He would not fire her or best paying slots bellagio let her resign.
His standing up for her is significant as well.
And so … I think it proves that his ideas on race were complex at best and perhaps unpredictable in many ways.
Unfortunately, it never got safe enough for Cox to return to work, and after she and other black leaders told Roosevelt it would be impossible for any black person to serve in Indianola, he reopened the post office and appointed a white person.
Cox was made easier by his categorization of her as one of the few blacks who had moved ahead of the masses and thus deserved support.
Crum was a physician whom TR attempted to appoint to head up the customs house in Charleston, South Just click for source the controversy over the appointment lasted for years.
Edwards: Minus these bigger, more public moments with Booker T.
Washington and Minnie Cox, he was fairly passive on intervention in the real incidences of racial violence that African Americans were experiencing in the early 20th century.
The increased incidence of lynching that many black journalists, and writers, and intellectuals were trying to publicize in really important ways.
And he wasn't their advocate in this way.
On August 13, 1906, a white man was killed and a police officer wounded in a riot in Brownsville, Texas.
One hundred-and-sixty-seven black soldiers at a nearby military base were blamed for the incident, but they all proclaimed their innocence.
Roosevelt demanded that the perpetrators be brought forward; when no one confessed or a colleague, Roosevelt dishonorably discharged them all.
He did not discharge the white soldiers.
Edwards: These infantrymen were essentially kicked out of the military.
This left them without military benefits or pensions, which was a big deal, because some of the members of the unit had served for about two decades and kind of lost all of their military benefits.
Though some tried to get him to walk back his decision, Roosevelt refused.
He would not admit that he had been wrong.
Edwards: It wasn't until about five decades later during the Civil Rights movement that activists rallied for and pressured members of Congress to consider Roosevelt's decision.
There were Congressional hearings.
And it led to the military revoking the discharge.
And the sole survivor received remuneration for his service, but this was too late, of course.
Outside the American Museum of Natural History is a statue of TR on horseback.
Next to him, on the ground, are two figures: One African, one Native American.
The statue is controversial today, because it presents those two figures as submissive to Roosevelt—a clear picture of racial hierarchy.
Roosevelt believed that Native Americans, according to his stages of development theory, were at the savage level, and he did not hold back in horribly and falsely maligning them.
Edwards: They were inhabiting land that was meant for white Americans.
He's kind of inheriting a legacy from his presidential predecessors—the fact that they believe that Native American lands were not for Native Americans.
As president, Roosevelt supported the allotment system, which broke up reservations and forced Native peoples onto smaller, individually owned lots, with the goal of assimilating them into white society.
In his second address to Congress, Roosevelt wrote that, "In dealing with the Indians, our aim should be their ultimate absorption into the body of our people.
He admired the ferocity of Native American fighters, and condemned white brutality against Native Americans that he had witnessed.
But he had surrendered in 1886.
He and his men had agreed to an exile of two years.
They were shuttled to Florida, and while they were there, hundreds of Apache children were relocated to the Carlisle Industrial School in Pennsylvania.
The Apaches ended up in Oklahoma, where the captives were allowed to live around Fort Sill.
By the time Geronimo met with Theodore Roosevelt on that March day in 1905, he had been a prisoner of war for almost 19 years.
Geronimo had converted to Christianity in 1903, joining the Dutch Reformed Church, likely in part to influence Roosevelt.
But Roosevelt never changed his mind.
Later, after promising to with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and Secretary of War about his case, he told Geronimo that there was no hope just click for source letting him return to Arizona.
It would only lead to more war.
Geronimo never returned to Arizona.
He died, still a POW, in 1909.
Thomas: My interest of course is American Indians, so I looked at what he did to Indian people while he was president, and I have some real problems with that, with the Indian schools and cutting off their hair and they can't speak their language and kill the Indian to save the man, all this argument.
He went out to the Four Corners and took a trail ride with one of his kids.
And they ended up going to Hopi country.
He wrote three pieces about that.
Roosevelt observed the Hopi Snake Dance, a complex ritual that includes elements of handling rattlesnakes.
But it was the of the Hopi that really had an impact on him.
And, just a warning, this section includes terms that some might find offensive.
He holds his own; indeed, under the conditions of American slavery, he increased faster than whites, threatening to supplant him.
From the standpoint of the master caste it is to be condemned even more strongly because it invariably in the end threatens the very existence of that master caste.
And so he believed that when the British brought African slaves to the colonies that became the nation, it kind of marked the history of the United States in a negative way because from that point on, black people then had claims to their rights and their citizenships in a nation that was by and large created for whites.
He was opposed to slavery not on moral grounds, but really in many ways, on white supremacist grounds.
If he believed fundamentally that slavery was a stain on the republic because the republic was created for white men, it means that ideas of kind of the West, of Americans dominating and taming the Wild West, about really ideas of manifest destiny even, those ideas were created by and for whites, white men in particular.
McCarthy: Did TR ever change his views on African Americans and Native Americans?
Edwards: Particularly with Native American and African Americans, I don't think that his views evolved that much.
While they may have changed for him, that didn't translate into meaningful policy and political change for people of color.
For someone who really admires Roosevelt, it can be hard to square these views and philosophies with his incredible life and accomplishments.
But to gloss over this would have left us with a two-dimensional view of Roosevelt, and an incomplete picture of our own history.
Edwards: First and foremost, I think he believed in white supremacy.
I would hesitate to say that he's a white supremacist.
I think that he harbored, and articulated, and expressed certain white supremacist agendas that translated to how he governed as president, particularly on issues of race.
Yet, at the same time, I do think that he was a man of his time and was influenced by his surroundings.
But I also best paying slots bellagio it's important to evaluate, well, were there people around him or were there contemporaries who were expressing more progressive ideas on race and race relations?
The answer is a resounding yes, right?
Just calling him a racist, I think, is the easy way out.
I think it's more interesting and more important to interrogate, well, why article source how?
But I also think it's true that, as you know, that understanding the time in which Roosevelt lived and understanding the ways in which race relations were horrible at that time is important to understanding who he was as a president, who he was as a person, and really getting a fuller understanding of his so-called progressivism.
Because he may have been progressive in terms of his thoughts on the economy, trust busting.
He may have been progressive in certain other policy ways, but on race, he wasn't.
That's an important part of understanding our political figures, right.
We live in a country, that from the very beginning, has been polarized along issues of race.
And so yes, here is important to understand our public figures and political figures' perspectives on race because it's such an important part, in my mind, of what it means to be American, thinking about these questions—because it's an indelible part of the American story.
The fact that he did amazing things for idealizing and realizing the beauty of America's natural landscapes, right, for ideas of conservation, that's really important.
And we don't have to denigrate that legacy with his problematic legacy on race.
And so, I think it's important to view historical figures as they were.
They're complex people with complex inner-workings of their lives.
And it's just important to understand that human complexity.
This might have something to do with my obsession with the TV show Lost, but … I digress.
Or perhaps a timeline where he never dropped out of law school and instead became a books about gambling best sports />In another, he was focused on writing.
And in another, Theodore Roosevelt was never even born.
So what does the world look like in these universes?
Will Shafroth: Our country would have been a lot less conservation minded.
Shafroth: President Roosevelt really saw these public lands that were being set aside for their scientific value.
The future was part of his motivation for this and that I think also very forward thinking and recognizing https://cetsolarstore.com/best/best-gambling-games-for-pc-without-graphic-card.html sort of a place of humility, I think for him as a human being, to see that we're just here now, but there's so much we need to learn from what happened before to inform how we live in the future, which is pretty powerful I think.
Thomas: If you look at presidential actions over the last couple of centuries, what Roosevelt did with the landscape and wilderness is the most important thing that any president did between the Civil War and World War I.
He was able to take those brief years of his presidency, from 1901 to 1909 and make a lasting impression on this country that it's hard to even imagine what it would have been like had he not done that.
But of course, Roosevelt did more than just preserve lands.
He quite literally changed the international landscape by helping to make sure the Panama Canal got built.
Jenkinson: We would have gotten the canal.
It was inevitable that there was going to be a canal.
The United States would have almost certainly had to build it.
But there's nothing like a strong person to cut the Gordian Knot and cut through all the diplomacy and nonsense and BS and the lobbying and so on.
Without TR, it probably would have just taken longer.
There would have been political implications, too, if TR had never been president.
Cullinane: I reckon the Republican party would have gone on to win elections until the Great Depression.
There would have never been Woodrow Wilson.
I think the United States probably would have intervened in World War I sooner, because the Republicans were much more.
They were more pro-allied than Wilson was.
I think we probably could have had a short World War I, and can you imagine if World War I ended sooner and the Germans lost sooner?
It would have been … Millions of lives would have been saved.
But, yeah, it's a fun question.
If Roosevelt wasn't president, would we have all these lands preserved, like do we have national parks the way we have them today?
I very much doubt that.
Without his really remarkable ability to push the Antiquities Act and then successive executive orders preserving these lands, we probably don't have places like the Grand Canyon preserved, or the vast woodland of the North Pacific.
McCarthy: Do you think we get an FDR without TR?
Cullinane: I mean, if we're doing counterfactuals on FDR, I think probably not.
He's got this ideological connection to Theodore Roosevelt and if Theodore Roosevelt hadn't been president, I can't imagine how FDR would have developed his own ideology.
And … I mean, obviously, in 1920, the only reason why he gets to run as vice president is because he's got that name, and there's loads best home poker evidence about that from the Democratic National Committee saying that, you know, he's OK because he's got the right name.
McCarthy: Which one of his accomplishments or policies had the biggest positive impact?
Cullinane: Well, I don't think it was just conservation that was a major positive impact, although that's got to count as one of the big ones, but I think his ability to manage the big businesses and labor relations of his time really kicks off the progressive era.
The capital and labor question was the biggest question of his time, it's what defined the gilded age, it's why we have a progressive era, is because the role of government was becoming greater and greater and Roosevelt is really the key figure at the helm of that movement, even if, of course, there's a lot of activists in grass roots movements that are moving the United States towards that.
McCarthy: And which of his accomplishments or policies do you think had the biggest negative impact?
Cullinane: I think Roosevelt could have done more for equality, more for equality of the sexes and more for equality among races.
I think having Booker T.
Washington to the White House for dinner is a good thing but I think other policies were far, far worse, you know?
And I mean that in terms of immigration, I mean that in terms of Native Americans, I mean that in terms of African Americans.
There's a lot more that he could have done around inequality.
On the sexes, it's interesting that there's this cultural feeling, even within his own family, that women … really they're not.
It's not that they're not fit to vote, it's just this sort of, like, lingering tradition that women don't vote.
Roosevelt wrote an undergraduate thesis about women and suffrage and I think actually he had progressive views, and voices those progressive views in 1912 when he's running for president, but he never really sees these through while he's president or when he's, you know, planning to.
When he's a Republican, and I suppose he takes on suffrage in 1912 because it's political expedient.
It's not something that he has this passion for, and I think one of the things that he could have done better would have been to work for greater equality amongst the sexes, the races, etc.
We live in the timeline where TR was president, where his mug ended up on Mount Rushmore.
After visiting that site, I pick up Tyler Klang, one of the producers on this podcast, and we drive from Rapid City straight up into Medora, North Dakota, where TR retreated after the deaths of his wife and mother in 1884.
When TR came here from New York, he best paying slots bellagio clearly an outsider: A dude in a buckskin suit, with a knife from Tiffany.
In my all-black ensemble, I, too, feel a little bit like a dude when we roll into Medora, population 112.
Klang: Describe Medora for the listening audience?
Medora is Medorable, I would say.
I'll show myself out.
It looks like, you know, your typical best paying slots bellagio Wild West town.
There's like, those storefronts, or like … the fronts of the buildings that are really flat and square.
There's these beautiful buttes … rock formations, or something, I don't know what they're technically called, just like … around town.
Medora has made much of its association with TR: Tyler and I are staying in the historic wing at https://cetsolarstore.com/best/best-casinos-in-delaware.html Rough Riders hotel, which has little Teddy Bears, dressed as Rough Best paying slots bellagio, on the beds.
And, of course, Theodore Roosevelt National Park is here, with the actual Maltese Cross cabin.
It is extremely my thing.
I would never have become president had it not been for my time spent in the West.
Quiricone has been with the show for eight seasons but has only played TR since last year.
Quiricone: I think we are so lucky to have that, to have that presence when he was, at that time, as a conservationist, as a president, it's so awesome that we had that person that loved the land, loved the people who used the land.
It was cool that he used the land properly.
And, so, he was truly one of my favorite presidents for that and it's very humbling and it's awesome that I get to do it on stage every night.
We only had a couple of days here in North Dakota before we have to turn around and make the trek back to the Rapid City airport.
We opt against getting that partycasino login apologise at 6 a.
The mounds have been worn away by erosion to reveal colorful layers: The brown and tan layers are sandstone, siltstone, and mudstone; the blue-gray layers are bentonite clay, a.
Black is a layer of coal, and red is clinker, which is created when the layers of coal catch fire and cook the layer above it, and also a word I will never get tired of saying.
Some faces of the mounds are covered in grass and trees.
The sky above is full of gray clouds, and I can see distant rain.
We turn around to head back to the car, and… McCarthy: It's a bison!
Male bison can weigh up to and stand 6 feet tall, and this guy is huge.
So is the undisturbed beauty of the Grand Canyon, the sequoias in Yosemite, the hills of Painted Canyon.
Cullinane: The reality is that he's lost to the past and the past is different from history.
We get to make up history.
The past is something that we can never recreate perfectly and that is.
That's a good thing.
It means that we can learn a lot about ourselves through how we understand the past, and it's why Theodore Roosevelt's legacy is all over the place from the 1920s, because, in different generations, people remember him differently.
McCarthy: What do you think is TR's ultimate legacy?
Cullinane: It's whatever we want it to be.
Tomorrow, you know, everything might change and we might have a completely different view on Roosevelt and whatever it is at that moment is whatever we're interested in, and right now it's about the environment and it's about conservation.
Twenty years ago it was about a hero.
I mean, Edmund Morris' book comes out I think in '79, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, and that was in a time when, you know, Watergate had happened, Jimmy Carter wasn't very popular, America wanted a hero, so Edmund Morris provides this book about a hero.
But I think we don't know what's going to come up in the next year, two years, 20 years, but whatever does nl texas holdem books up, Theodore Roosevelt remains popular, and we will extract from his legacy what we want.
We might never be able to really know who he was.
But standing in these places he helped preserve, staring at a species he helped save, maybe we can tap into how they made him feel, and why he felt it was so important to save them—and, ultimately, how lucky we are that he did.
So, this is it—the final regular episode of the first season of History Vs.
I have had so much fun making this podcast.
Finally, I want to thank the experts who very generously gave so much of their time to this project, and I want to thank you—yes, you!
If you have any questions for me about TR, or just want to see pics of all the TR stuff on my desk, you can find me on Twitter erincmccarthy.
Until then, speak softly, and carry a big stick!
This episode was written by me, with fact checking by Austin Thompson.
Field recording by Jon Mayer.
Joe Wiegand voiced Theodore Roosevelt in this episode.
The Executive Producers are Erin McCarthy, Julie Douglas, and Tyler Klang.
The Supervising Producer is Dylan Fagan.
The show is edited by Dylan Fagan and Lowell Brillante.
Special thanks to the Popes, Lane Johnson, Sharon Wright, Aretha Wilson, Justene Hill Edwards, Michael Cullinane, Tyler Kuliberda, Clay Jenkinson, Will Shafroth, Maureen McGee-Ballinger, and David Hurst Thomas.
To learn more about this episode, and Theodore Roosevelt, check out our website at.
After nearly two years of waiting, fans of The Crown have finally gotten their latest fill of royal family drama—and a full season of Olivia Colman, Tobias Menzies, and Helena Bonham Carter in their new roles as Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, and Princess Margaret, respectively.
That turned into The Audience, a play that opened in London in 2013 and eventually made its way to Broadway.
But when we did the play The Audience, the scene between Churchill and the young queen struck me as having lots of potential—this young 25-year-old girl and this 73-year-old, this daughter and this grandfather.
And yet he was so in awe of her.
And then as I got writing, I thought actually her marriage is quite interesting, too.
So let me just go back a bit.
And then before I knew it, I thought this needs more time.
And Netflix just jumped at it.
The Crown was originally pitched as a three-season project.
While the current plan is to create a total of at least six seasons, Morgan initially envisioned half that.
Claire Foy flew under the radar during auditions.
Every time I went to a read-through where we were doing auditions for The Queen, I was interested in actress Click or Click the following article />I would skip the bit where Claire was in there.
And yet at the same time genuinely startling.
She has to be in the background sort of anonymous and then, every now and then, have devastating impact.
As much a challenge as it was casting the role of Elizabeth, the role of Prince Philip was equally difficult—albeit for different seasons.
They worked so perfectly.
A number of other actors had read for the part and absolutely nobody interested me.
Matt was the hardest one for us to pin down, to do a deal with.
He was the only one.
There was a pay discrepancy.
This ignited a global debate regarding thewith lots of people involved in the production making their voices heard.
Her performance is a huge reason why this thing is going to have a season three, four, five, and six.
Felicity Jones was reportedly in contention for the role of the Queen.
Among the actors on hand was Felicity Jones, who was considered a front runner after she read the role of Elizabeth.
A corset helped Claire Foy get into character.
While actors have a variety of ways of finding their characters, Foy said that tapping into Queen Elizabeth came with wearing a corset.
John Lithgow was not an obvious choice to play Winston Churchill.
Every now and then, every head of department needs to prove why they are at the top of their field.
John Lithgow channeled his inner Winston Churchill by stuffing cotton up his nose.
For Foy, watching these videos provided an invaluable insight into who Elizabeth was as a person.
The Queen and Prince Charles watched some.
It was the most amazing thing, watching them watch these home videos.
A lot of these home videos are of her and Margaret and Philip and, at that point, Charles and Anne—them messing about and rolling down hills.
That was very, very early on in her reign … Those were really amazing, because even then she had such a reserved quality.
At one point, Claire Foy worried that agreeing to make The Crown was the worst mistake she had ever made.
While playing Queen Elizabeth II might seem like a dream role, it felt more like a nightmare to Foy very early on.
Prince William offered Matt Smith one word of advice about Prince Philip.
While appearing on The Graham Norton Show, Matt Smith shared that he met Prince William prior to The Crown's debut and someone told him that Smith would be playing his grandfather.
Smith asked if he had any advice for how to nail the character.
He's an absolute legend.
Olivia Colman was the only choice to play the Queen in seasons 3 and 4.
In 2019, Oscar winner Olivia Colman took over the role of Queen Elizabeth II from Claire Foy, and according to Morgan, it was Colman or no one.
Olivia Colman said yes to The Crown because of a large tax bill.
But I was a big fan anyway.
But working on The Crown and getting to understand the man behind the public persona has changed his opinion.
I have a lot of regard for him.
Helena Bonham Carter met Princess Margaret once—who commented on her acting abilities.
In season 3, Helena Bonham Carter took over the role of the wild—and wildly intimidating—Princess Margaret, and had a little personal history from which she could pull.
The show is a global hit, particularly in the UK.
According to thenine percent of Netflix subscribers in the UK watched The Crown—which is more people than have watched major hits like Breaking Bad, Orange Is the New Black, or Narcos.
Recreating the Queen's wedding dress was a difficult task.
While the costume department takes a lot of creative liberties with their clothing choices, they do create replica outfits for major events that are easy for people to still watch today, like to Philip and her.
Sophie Mutevelian, Netflix In The Crown, the Queen is never too far away from her beloved corgis.
And Foy revealed that one of the ways the trainers on the set get them to behave is with cheese.
The show has some royal fans.
Before Meghan Markle became the Duchess of Sussex, the New York Post that she had already moved into Kensington Palace with her now-husband Prince Harry, and that their nights often consisted of home-cooked meals and watching Netflix shows…including The Crown.
The Queen herself is rumored to have watched The Crown—and liked it.
Happily, she really liked it, although obviously there were some depictions of events that she found too heavily dramatized.
A yet-again-unnamed source she "was particularly annoyed at a scene in which Philip has no sympathy for a plainly upset Charles while he is flying him home from Scotland.
That simply did not happen.
Peter Morgan doesn't think people binge-watch The Crown.
I just watched a show recently, The Fall, where I watched seven episodes in one night.
I once had the flu, had a raging temperature, and watched an entire season of 24—24 episodes in 28 hours.
It stayed with me forever as a result.
It was a deep experience.
I hope people stay with this.
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