The A.E.F.: With General Pershing and the American Forces (FULL Audiobook)
He took large sums of money before and after his presidency, which is not illegal.
His presidency was filled with many scandals and a financial panic and depression in 1873.
He also ran for the presidential election, in the disputed election of 1876.
He is the first Democratic president in 28 years, since Bucanhon.
During his presidency he did laissez-fair: hands off.
He wanted to reduce the tariff, which makes big business unhappy.
Also, there was the Dawes Act, Interstate Commerce Act + Interstate Commerce Commission, and Sherman Anit-Trust Act.
Railroad construction company, formed by insiders of the transcontinental Union Pacific Railway.
They were finally exposed in 1872.
Nonpartisan Civil Service Commission was appointed.
It made it illegal for party bosses to asses fees for paychecks.
Reformers thought he was tattooed with too many political villainies.
Secretary of State for Garfield.
Was shot by deranged office seeker and vice president and stalwart Chester Arthur takes over the presidency.
Submitted a treaty to annex Hawaii to the Senate, but Cleveland later withdrew it.
Signed many appropriations bills for naval and internal improvements.
Sherman Anti-trust act passed under his term but never used.
Treasury robbed of millions of dollars.
Republicans who supported civil service reform and supported the protective tariff.
They wanted some change and supported James Blaine.
Group that left Republican party to become Democrats; this group heavily favored civil service reform and mistrusted James Blaine as the presidential nominee, as the group suspected his involvement in past corruption.
Liberal Republicans nominated Horace Greeley for presidency in 1872.
Republicans later renominated Grant.
Greeley lost election in a month along with his wife, mind, and life.
As president, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction and the United States' entry into the Second Industrial Revolution.
Hayes was a reformer who began the efforts that would lead to civil service reform and attempted, unsuccessfully, to reconcile the divisions that had led to the American Civil Warfifteen years earlier.
Arthur was a member of the Republican Party and worked as a lawyer before becoming the 20th Vice President under James Garfield.
Garfield was murdered and Arthur was sworn in as president, serving until March 4, 1885.
The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain.
Corruption with paying people and controlling their votes.
The Fourth Coinage Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1873 and embraced the gold standard and demonetized silver.
Western mining interests and others who wanted silver in circulation years later labeled this measure the "Crime of '73" also known as the Corrupt Bargain, refers to a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the disputed 1876 U.
Presidential election and ended Congressional "Radical" Reconstruction.
Through it, Republican Rutherford B.
Hayes was awarded the White House over Democrat Samuel J.
Tilden on the understanding that Hayes would remove the federal troops that were propping up Republican state governments in South Carolina, Floridaand Louisiana.
He built his wealth in shipping and railroads and was one of the richest Americans in history.
He had many trusts in the railroad industry was an American inventor, scientist, and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the light bulb.
Also, in a financial panic in 1907, TR went to him for a loan because he was so rich and in return would not bust up his industry.
Oliver Kelley created the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry, and at first the organization was educational and social, but it gradually became more political, targeting railroads.
It played an important role by demonstrating that farmers were capable of organizing and advocating a political agenda and it lead to the Farmers Alliances and Populist Party.
Noblese obligue implies that with wealth, power, and this web page come responsibilities.
It focused on social reform, and things like the eight-hour day and arbitration of industrial disputes.
Fell apart during the depression of 1870.
He boomed and busted the stocks of the Erie, the Kansas Pacific, the Union Pacific, and the Texas and Pacific for 30 years.
His minders mined the ore, and he shipped it and his railroads delivered it to read more factories.
William Kelly, a Kentucky manufacturer of iron kettles, discovered that cold air blown on red-hot iron caused the metal to become white hot by igniting the carbon and thus eliminating impurities.
Post Civil War it tried to become an industrial economy.
Provide raw materials for factories in the North.
Grady endorsed this with the Atlanta Constitution.
They wanted to out-do north economically.
Chicago, May 4, 1886.
Dynamite bomb thrown that killed or injured several dozen people, including police.
Other 3 went to jail.
Had many trusts with oil.
Horizontal integration where he bought all oil companies squashing other competition.
Formed Standard Oil Company in 1870.
Later helped repair Versailles Palace in Paris.
Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor AFLand served as that organization's president from 1886 to 1894 and from 1895 until his death in 1924.
United States Steel Corporation is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
The company is the world's tenth largest steel producer ranked by sales.
It was founded in 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor association.
Samuel Gompers was elected president.
After the adults were slaughtered and the kids sold to slavery he became not peaceful, fighting against Mexicans and white settlers.
They tried to march to Canada but were caught by U.
In the Battle of Wounded Knee the last Indian battlewhites saw the ghost dance as a war dance and attacked the peaceful Indians.
Led the seventh cavalry against the Indians.
He thought he was a civil war hero and he underestimated the amount of Indians here.
Indian Agents seized Indian Land.
During Civil War Sioux of Minnesota, facing starvation, rose up and killed hundreds of white settlers.
Federal troops crushed uprising and 40 Sioux were hung.
Sioux were reviving culture through Ghost Dances and Indian Agents thought they were War dances.
Gave Native Americans 160 acres of farm land or 320 acres of grazing land.
Effect was please click for source nearly destroy the reservation system, as the remaining tribal lands were opened up for whites, never worked because indians wanted to remain nomadic warriors.
Wanted to break strangling grip of railroads and manufacturers.
They later formed the populist party.
Leader of The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry the Grange from Minnesota who worked as clerk in Washington.
Formed Laborer to Husbandman and Maid to Matron.
The Grange had 800,000 members from Midwest and South.
Howard's attempt to forcibly remove his band and the other "non-treaty" Nez Perce to areservation in Idaho, known for humanitarianism.
Apachean peoples formerly ranged over eastern Arizona, northwestern Mexico, New Mexico, Texas and the southern Great Plains.
The Apachean tribes were historically very powerful, source the Spaniards and Mexicans for centuries, Geronimo was leader.
On the day before, a detachment of the U.
Eventually he became one of the best-known socialists in the U.
He wanted to control McKinley and he appealed to businesses.
They supported bi-metalism, which made coins at a 16:1 ratio of silver to gold.
The speech advocated bimetallism.
He was a supporter of cheap money and ran on both the populist and Democrat ticket.
Union refused to work and Frick shut down plant.
July 9, 1892 battle between Pinkertons and strikers, pinkertons surrender.
Former Republican congressman from Ohio.
Ran against William Jennings Bryan and defeated him in 1896.
Marcus Hannah was major person behind campaign poker blackjack nasıl oynanır McKinley.
Re-elected in 1900 and assassinated by Leon Czolgosz.
His concept of "sea power" was based on the idea that the most powerful navy will control the globe; he wroteThe Influence of Sea Power Upon History in 1890.
Need a powerful navy and merchant marine for markets Need foreign markets Need overseas bases for fueling stations esp.
Countries do it because everyone else is doing it, for natural resources, more trade markets, and more power.
He resisted American occupation; he continued to lead the struggle against the United States forces until March 1901, when he was captured.
It said they could not make treaties with other foreign powers, could not run of foreign debt, US could intervene and they will sell a coaling station to the US.
Became advocate for disadvantaged people.
Part of rough rider regiment during Spanish-American War.
Used Sherman Anti-trust act to dissolve trust that restrained interstate and foreign trade.
Won antitrust case against Northern Securities Co.
Supported conservation of national resources.
They attempted to outdo each other with captivating headlines.
They made up insane stories about Spanish-American war to get americans excited.
Hearst published a private letter on February 9,1898 from the Spanish general john blackjack pershing apush Dupuy de Lome that said McKinley was an ear-to-the-ground politician who lacked good fait and Lome was forced to resign.
Theodore Roosevelt was one.
Through the so-called De Lôme Letter, he defamed U.
President William McKinley, an act which eventually contributed to the Spanish-American War.
Americans blamed check this out Spanish type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers.
Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.
Popular for pulitzer vs.
Hearst and dealing with Cuba.
When McKinley became President, Hay was named ambassador to Great Britain in 1897.
In 1898, Hay article source named Secretary of State and helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris.
His contributions included the adoption of an open door policy in China and the preparations for the Panama Canal.
He is also renowned for his comment, written in a letter to Pres.
TR, describing the Spanish American War as a "splendid little war.
The war was part of a series of conflicts in the Philippine struggle for independence, preceded by the Philippine Revolution and theSpanish-American War.
The Filipinos resulted in guerilla warfare but finally, Emilio Aguinaldo captured and the insurrection ends.
The idea of negotiating peacefully, simultaneously threatening with the "big stick", or the military.
Would be the corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
Roosevelt adding to the Monroe Doctrine.
It said that the US would intervene to protect our hemisphere from European Intervention.
Many Japanese came to California blackjack of player busting of Russo-Japanese war.
Horrible earthquake in San Francisco destroyed schools, San Francisco School Board wanted to make Japanese Schools separate from White Schools.
TR invited SF Board of Education to White House to agree that Schools must be integrated if Japan stops sending immigrants.
Europe could trade with ports in China.
Said foreigners would respect Chinese laws and obey them if something happens on Chinse land.
The uprising took place in response to European "spheres of influence" in China.
Built from 1904 to 1914.
Teddy Roosevelt was president when it was beginning to be built.
United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from 16 December 1907 to 22 February 1909 by order of U.
It consisted of 16 battleships.
Taft aligned himself with the anti-progressive Republican Old Guard, causing Jackpot blackjack to break away and lead a Progressive third party crusade.
She exposed John D.
She published a series of 19 articles on Standard Oil and uncovered how the company had assumed control on an entire industry, state by state.
She was never sued for libel because her story was documented.
She helped bust up Standard Oil and Rockefeller.
Danish immigrant who was a reporter for the New York Sun and shocked middle class Americans by writing How the Other Half Lives in 1890.
Was a book on the dirt, disease and misery of New York slums.
Wrestled considerable control from the corporations and also perfected a scheme to regulate public utilities.
Disliked by Theodore Roosevelt 1906 free passes, with their hint of bribery, were restricted.
ICC was expanded and its reach was extended to express companies, sleeping car companies and pipelines.
ICC given more authority.
Under TR Railroad company organized by J.
Morgan and James J.
Hill tried to have railroad monopoly in Northwest.
Supreme Court ordered the Northern Securities Company to be dissolved in 1904.
This angered big business but helped Roosevelt as a trust buster.
Under Taft 1909 Bad tariff because lowered and raised tariff on specific items.
Taft signed this bill which angered progressives because they wanted and all around LOW tariff.
He was a muckraker and inspired other journalists master video blackjack shuffle Ida M.
This may result in the adoption of a new constitution, a constitutional amendment, a law, the recall of an elected official or simply a specific government policy.
It is click here form of direct democracy.
The measure put to a vote is known in the U.
He is the only person to have served in both offices.
Forest Service Chief Gifford Pinchot andU.
Secretary of the Interior Richard Achilles Ballinger that contributed to the split of theRepublican Party before the 1912 Presidential Election and helped to define the U.
Under the 16th amendment there was a graduated income tax passed.
It said that unions were not subject to anti-trust laws.
The commissioners were expected to crush monopoly at the source by rooting out unfair trade practices including unlawful competition, false advertising, mislabeling, and bribery.
German U-boats sunk a US luxury ships with passengers in 1915 and it angered the American public.
The ship actually contained ammunition but thousands died, 128 of them being US citizens.
Villa displayed his hatred to the gringos in 1916 when his followers killed 18 Americans in Mexico, and 17 in New Mexico.
They favored continued consolidation of trusts and labor unions, women suffrage, social welfare, including minimum-wage laws and social insurance.
British liner sunk August 1915 with the loss of 2 american lives.
Berlin agreed to not sink unarmed and unresisting passenger ships without warning.
The americans demanded a separate army because dissatisfied with British and French.
Pershing was the head of American Army during WWI.
Under Wilson 1913 Income Authoritative blackjack pizza 30% off return />Congress has power to lay and collect income taxes.
Took in more money than tariff.
Country would only have small business with private owners.
He was outspoken, tactless and gifted with zeal and imagination.
His job was to sell America on the war and sell the world on Wilsonian war aims.
He made propaganda for the war and the entire nation caught the frenzied spirit.
German Foreign Minister sent note to Mexico saying if they engaged America in war, when Germany won the war they would help Mexico get session back.
It was intercepted by US and brought America even closer to war.
They were led by H.
The committee was to learn more here the war domestically while publicizing American war aims abroad.
Under the leadership of a muckraking journalist named George Creel, the CPI recruited heavily from business, media, academia, and the art world.
This represented the first time that a modern government spread propaganda on such a large scale.
They reflected current fears of Germans and antiwar Americans.
It was the agreement negotiated during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that ended World War I and imposed disarmament, reparations, and territorial changes on the defeated Germany.
The treaty also established the League of Nations, which was to protect world peace.
There was also opposition to the treaty when Wilson returns home.
With his leadership, he managed the US's economic mobilization during World War I.
He supported the League of Nations.
He wanted a more powerful version of the War Industries Board, which he saw as the only way to ensure maximum coordination between civilian business and military needs.
Nemesis of Woodrow Wilson October 1918, Written by Wilson to bring stability to Europe.
Freedom of Navigation, Free Trade, Territorial Changes-give up land taken during war, Self-Determination-people should get their independence, most important create a League of Nations.
Hoover had served as Secretary of Commerce and Head of the Food Administration.
He was a Quaker-humanitarian who was already considered a hero because he led a massive charitable drive to feed the starving blackjack reno of war-racked Belgium.
Hoover relied on voluntary compliance rather than on formal edicts.
He rejected ration cards and promoted the Food Administration through propaganda.
Hoover proclaimed wheatless Wednesdays and meatless Tuesdays.
Presented by Woodrow Wilson and was a agreement to end all wars, and that WW1 was a war to end all wars.
It was ratified on August 18, 1920.
Headed by Herbert Hoover were bitter opponents of the Treaty of Versailles in the United States in 1919.
Specifically, the term refers to about 12 to 18 United States senators, both Republicans and Democrats, who fought intensely to defeat the ratification of the treaty by the Senate in 1919.
Ultimately totaled six thousand and was bombed by some radicals.
Louis from NY to Paris.
His son was kidnapped and killed later.
Devised his own lean, word-sparing style and spoke with a voice with no equals.
He wrote The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to arms about war experience and spiritually numb America.
Sacco and Vanzetti case: They were Italian immigrants who were illiterate, atheist and anarchists.
They were unfairly convicted of a murder in Boston and sentenced to the Death penalty.
The judge was extremely prejudice and the trial wasater reopened.
They were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, sexual manner, smoking, and general john blackjack pershing apush automobiles.
Scopes was found guilty and fined.
Criminal Lawyer defending John T.
Scopes in see more Scopes Trial.
He Made a fool of William J.
Minnesota-born Princetonian only 24 when pulbished This SIde of Paradise in 1920.
It was a bible for the young, talked about flappers.
Later published The Great Gatsby in 1925talked about glamour and cruelty of an achievement-oriented society.
Quotas for foreigners were cut from 3 to 2% for europeans.
Had a corrupt presidency, ex.
The Ohio Gang his cabinet had affairs like the Veterans Bureau affair, and the Teapot Dome Scandal.
He had a heart attack and died in 1923.
His foreign affairs included The Naval Conference of 1921, the Dawes Act and the Kellog-Brian Pact, all revolving around keeping blackjack online switch peace.
Secretary of the Treasury, theory was to level such high taxes that that the rich were forced to invest in tax exempt securities rather then in general john blackjack pershing apush factories that provided prosperous payrolls.
Helped to engineer a series of tax reductions and he remains a controversial figure.
US was to loan money to Germany to help them pay for war reparations they owed to the allied powers in Europe, who were paying the US back from the war.
The cycle falls apart in have in blackjack what is hard and soft like 30s during the depression.
He later goes to jail.
Before the Watergate scandal, this was considered the greatest general john blackjack pershing apush in American history.
Hawley; it raised the tariff on imported goods and became the second highest in history.
Japan was mad because they had to destroy less ships than other countries and they believed they were just as powerful.
This was a way of keeping peace!
Albert Fall secretary of interior induced his carless colleague Secretary of the Navy to transfer oil in oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills, California to the Interior Department.
Fall ends up going to jail when this scandal surfaced in March, 1923.
Senate investigation in 1924 of illegal sale of pardons and liquor permits allowed by Daugherty.
Daugherty was forced to resign and tried twice in 1927, but released after jury failed to agree.
Democrats nominated him for the 1928 election.
Four time governor of New York.
Loved alcohol, Roman Catholic.
Dry, democratic fundamentalists hated Smith.
He was defeated by Herbert C.
Veterans of WWI demanded for their bonus 21 years early.
They formed the Bonus Expeditionary Force which had 20,000 members.
They were a health issue and refused to decamp which started riots that cost two lives.
Hoover said these people were communists, only some of them were.
General Douglas MacArthur evacuated the men with tear gas and bayonets.
Harding, the twenty-ninth President of the United States of America.
Mostly his cabinet, who were his close friends.
The pact renounced aggressive war, prohibiting the use of war as "an instrument of national policy" except in matters of self-defense.
The Legacy of General John J. Pershing
Mr. Porter APUSH.. New Mexico and killed another 19 Americans; General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing ordered to hunt down Villa and break up his gang.
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